Which of the Following New Military Technologies Were Used in World War I?

World War I saw the introduction of many new technologies that would forever change the face of warfare. Here are just a few of the military technologies used in World War I.

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Introduction

At the start of World War I, both the Allied Powers and the Central Powers had access to similar technological advances. Over the course of the war, however, the Allies made greater use of new technologies, giving them an important edge in defeating the Central Powers. Some of the most significant new technologies used during World War I include aircraft carriers, tanks, and poison gas.

The first use of tanks

The first use of tanks in World War I was by the British during the Battle of the Somme on September 15, 1916. The success of this new weapon was mixed, with the early versions of the tank being slow and difficult to maneuver. However, the tank became an important part of military tactics during the war, and later wars would see further development and refinement of this new technology.

The first use of chemical weapons

The first use of chemical weapons occurred during World War I. Both sides in the conflict used tear gas, which was first introduced in 1914. By 1918, both sides had also begun using more deadly agents, such as mustard gas. These agents caused severe burns and respiratory damage, and they could be particularly deadly in enclosed spaces such as trenches.

The first use of aircraft in combat

Aircraft were used for the first time in combat during World War I. The early aircraft were fragile and not very maneuverable, but they were used for reconnaissance and to drop bombs on enemy troops. One of the most famous pilots of the war was the German ace Baron von Richthofen, who was known as the “Red Baron.”

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The first use of submarines

The first use of submarines in World War I was by the German Navy, which used them to sink British merchant ships and warships. The British, in turn, developed countermeasures to sink German submarines.

The first use of machine guns

The first use of machine guns was during the American Civil War in 1861. However, their use was limited by the tactics of that time and they were not very effective. It was not until World War I that machine guns became a key weapon on the battlefield. Machine guns allowed for a continuous stream of bullets, which could mow down enemy troops in no time. This made them a very feared weapon during the war.

The first use of artillery

The first use of artillery was during the siege of Constantinople in 1453.

The first use of grenades

The first use of grenades was during World War I. The British used them extensively, as did the French and Germans. The word “grenade” comes from the French word for “pomegranate,” because the shape of early grenades resembled that fruit.

The first use of flame throwers

The first use of flame throwers was during World War I by the German military. The flame thrower was used extensively in trench warfare to flush enemy troops out of hiding.

The first use of torpedoes

The first use of torpedoes in warfare occurred during the American Civil War. Union forces used them against Confederate ships, and the Confederacy used them in turn. The first recorded use of torpedoes in naval combat was on July 15, 1863, when the Confederates attacked the Union ship USS Montreal off Charleston, South Carolina. The Montreal was damaged, but she was able to make it to port.

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The war between Russia and Japan in 1904–1905 saw the first widespread use of naval mines and torpedoes. In the Battle of Tsushima on May 27–28, 1905, nearly half of the Japanese fleet was destroyed by mines and torpedoes. This convinced many navies of the potential of these weapons and led to their widespread adoption.

The British Royal Navy had long been a proponent of using submarines for coastal defense, and they put this belief into practice during World War I. On September 7, 1914, just two weeks after Britain had declared war on Germany, a British submarine sank the German cruiser Hela off the coast of Scotland. This was the first time that a submarine had sunk a surface ship in wartime.

During World War I, both sides used submarines extensively in an effort to block enemy supply lines and sink enemy warships. Several new technologies were employed during this conflict, including more sophisticated torpedoes and underwater listening devices that could be used to detect enemy submarines.

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